Further Information

The HPI tool is in the third phase of development. We would welcome your feedback.

Please remember to reference the project if you use the data or charts from this site.

Dibben, C, Watson, J., Smith, T., Cox, M., Manley, D., Perry, I., Rolfe, L., Barnes, H., Wilkinson, K., Linn, J., Liu, L., Sims, A., and Hill, A. (2008) The Health Poverty Index. The NHS Information Centre. Leeds, UK.

All Indicators > Indicator RH1: Income

Definition Proportions of the population experiencing income deprivation in an area
Dimension Root causes
Sector Household conditions (individual)
Components
  • RH1_1 Low income
Source Numerator

2001, 2001 Ethnic:

  • Adults and children in Income Support households (2001, Source: DWP)
  • Adults and children in Income Based Job Seekers Allowance households (2001, Source: DWP)
  • Adults and children in Working Families Tax Credit households whose equivalised income (excluding housing benefits) is below 60% of median before housing costs (2001, Source: Inland Revenue and DWP)
  • Adults and children in Disabled Person's Tax Credit households whose equivalised income (excluding housing benefits) is below 60% of median before housing costs (2001, Source: Inland Revenue and DWP)
  • National Asylum Support Service (NASS) supported asylum seekers in England in receipt of subsistence only and accommodation support (2002, Source: Home Office and NASS)

2003:

  • Adults and children in Income Support households (2003, Source: DWP)
  • Adults and children in Income Based Job Seekers Allowance households (2003, Source: DWP)
  • Adults and children in Working Families Tax Credit households whose equivalised income (excluding housing benefits) is below 60% of median before housing costs (2003, Source: Inland Revenue and DWP)
  • Adults and children in Disabled Person's Tax Credit households whose equivalised income (excluding housing benefits) is below 60% of median before housing costs (2003, Source: Inland Revenue and DWP)
  • National Asylum Support Service (NASS) supported asylum seekers in England in receipt of subsistence only and accommodation support (2003, Source: Home Office and NASS

2005:

  • Adults and children in Income Support Households (Source: DWP 2005)
  • Adults and children in Income-Based Job Seekers Allowance Households (Source: DWP 2005)
  • Adults and children in Pension Credit (Guarantee) Households (Source: DWP 2005)
  • Adults and children in those Working Tax Credit households where there are children in receipt of Child Tax Credit whose equivalised income (excluding housing benefits) is below 60 per cent of the median before housing costs (Source: HMRC 2005)
  • Adults and children in Child Tax Credit Households (who are not eligible for IS, Income-Based JSA, Pension Credit or Working Tax Credit) whose equivalised income (excluding housing benefi ts) is below 60 per cent of the median before housing costs (Source: HMRC 2005)
  • National Asylum Support Service (NASS) supported asylum seekers in England in receipt of subsistence support, accommodation support, or both (Source: NASS 2005)
Source Denominator

2001, 2001 Ethnic: Estimated total adult population, 2001 Census and Mid Year Estimates, ONS

2003: Estimated total adult population, 2003 Small area estimates and Mid Year Estimates, ONS
2005: Estimated total adult population, 2005 Small area estimates and Mid Year Estimates, ONS

Additional details

This measure is derived from the Index of Deprivation 2004 and 2007:


Levels of low income amongst different ethnic groups were estimated using information on Free School Meal uptake held within the Pupil Level Annual School Census. This information was used to estimate the size of the low income population that belonged to the different ethnic groups and therefore calculate the rate of low income amongst these groups.

Technology by OCSI